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Areas and Valleys


The strategic location at the confluence of the rivers Ara and Cinca, two natural and ancient crossroads, makes Ainsa the most important town in the region with 1,700 inhabitants.

Its historic centre is a medieval gem, designated as a national monument and will make visitors dream of heroic deeds and legends from another era. Its square (12th and 13th century) is noteworthy and can be considered one of the most beautiful plazas in Spain. Its arches show its secular vocation as a fair and market place. Its streets, and above all its Church of Santa María, built between the 11th and the 12th century, are simple, solid and beautiful as its stone, which is always visible.

Another outstanding feature is its castle with an 11th-century tower and a 16th-century citadel.

On the outskirts of Ainsa we find La Cruz Cubierta (i.e., the covered cross), a shrine built among the fields, where the miracle of the apparition of the cross on the oak tree took place, while Moors and Christians were fighting at the beginning of the reconquista.

Heiress of its past, Ainsa remains a centre for trade and services in the area, developed in its modern part around the junction of roads.

Museums, festivals such as La Morisma, music festivals, mycological events, etc. complete a visit which must be done unhurriedly.